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Agriculture

Another sector badly hit by the Tsunami disaster is the agricultural sector.

As there were human casualties, undoubtedly, domestic farm animals reared for commercial purposes were not spared. In affected areas, such livestock was vital in its contribution to the economic livelihoods of the people.

Some means of solving this includes restocking, with the replacement of animals from other villages or regions less affected. Moreover, proper sanitary conditions have to be established, not just for the health of human, but for that of the livestock as well. The Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) will prepare appropriate guidelines, checklists and specifications for rehabilitating household livestock enterprises. The findings would then be made available to the relief organizations, so that they are able to effectively meet the differing specific needs of various affected areas.

The plains were flooded by the saline sea water, and many acres of crops was laid waste. Even as the water had evaporated, the problem persisted, as the salt remained. The salt dissolved in ground water, decreasing its water potential, and restricting the uptake of water from the soil water. The tsunami also caused soil erosion, as the fertile topsoil is washed away. Moreover, related infrastructure, such as barns, stores and processing facilities were also destroyed. The lost of animals also meant the lost of a source of labour.

To begin the reconstruction of the agricultural sector, seeds, equipment and other agriculture inputs such as chemical fertilisers would have to be made available to affected areas. Infrastructure such as roads has to be re-established. Furthermore, agriculture requires a constant supply of fresh water. Thus, water sources with a supply of fresh water would have to be located, storage and irrigation facilities would have to be built. In addition, extensive education and training would have to be conducted by experts, as many experienced farmers would have perished in the disaster.

References

  • Humanitarian response to the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.. Retrieved February 26, 2005, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humanitarian_response_to_the_2004_Indian_Ocean_earthquake
  • Tsunami reconstruction - helping rural people rebuild their lives. Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations. Retrieved March 15, 2005, from http://www.fao.org/tsunami/
  • BBC NEWS | In Depth | 2004 | Asia quake disaster. BBC News.Retrieved March 1, 2005, from http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/in_depth/world/2004/asia_quake_disaster/default.stm
  • Tourism plan agreed after tsunami. BBC News. Retrieved March 7, 2005, from http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/4226975.stm

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