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The international community was spontaneous in the effort to provide humanitarian assistance and disaster relief to affected nations, so as to alleviate the effects of the calamity that has befallen mankind. The World Bank estimates the total amount of aid required to be US$5 Billion.

As of 8th February 2005, the total amount pledged by governments, International aid organisations, Non-Government Organisations (NGOs) and private individuals has already exceeded this amount, and stands at US$5.5 Billion. Of this amount, donations of governments from 87 countries make up US$5.1 Billion. Private persons and institutions have contributed the balance of US$ 393 Million.

Largest Donations by Governments (in million USD)
Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Other Major Donations by Governments (in million USD)
Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

However, amidst the generous contributions, many have criticized governments for the politicization of the issue. Jan Egeland, UN undersecretary general for humanitarian affairs and emergency relief coordinator, criticized the United States' US$15 million initial donation as "stingy". Presently, The USA donation stands at US$950 million. China contributed US$63 million, barely exceeding the US$50 million contributed by rival, Taiwan.

Serious concern has been raised about the ability of nations to honour their pledges, and that failure to do so may seriously hamper relief efforts. UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan urged the donor nations to ensure that their pledges will be fully honoured, citing previous cases where "we got lots of pledges, but we did not receive all the money". Following the earthquake in Iran last year, which killed 26,000 people, Iranian officials claim to have received just USD 17.5 million of the USD 1 billion originally pledged.


  • Humanitarian response to the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.. Retrieved February 26, 2005, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humanitarian_response_to_the_2004_Indian_Ocean_earthquake
  • Tsunami reconstruction - helping rural people rebuild their lives. Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations. Retrieved March 15, 2005, from http://www.fao.org/tsunami/
  • BBC NEWS | In Depth | 2004 | Asia quake disaster. BBC News.Retrieved March 1, 2005, from http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/in_depth/world/2004/asia_quake_disaster/default.stm
  • Tourism plan agreed after tsunami. BBC News. Retrieved March 7, 2005, from http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/4226975.stm

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